Malaria is a disease, caused by parasites and transmitted to humans through mosquito bites. Anopheles female mosquitoes are the main carriers of this parasite. When an infected mosquito bites a human, he or she will get infected, resulting in multiplication of these parasites that invades the liver and results in the destruction of red blood cells responsible for the circulation of oxygen as well as getting rid of carbon dioxide from the body. Malaria is a life-threatening disease and has claimed a lot of lives globally. Symptoms are usually nausea, aches, and fever. Malaria preventive measures are the best solutions, some of which are listed below.
Prevent mosquito bites
Since mosquitoes are the main culprits here, it is always important to find ways to avoid getting bitten by them. It is however quite hard, to avoid mosquito bites altogether since they are small insects and can go undetected. They can bite without a person knowing, especially when sleeping. Some measures can help minimize these bites. Always sleep under treated mosquito nets, wear trousers and long sleeve shirts, to cover most parts of the body, especially during evening hours when mosquitoes are active.
Medical researchers’ have not yet discovered vaccines to help prevent new future infection of malaria, but antimalarial drugs are readily available greatly advised. They are not 100% effective, but it has helped tremendously in cutting and preventing more cases of infections. When going to drug stores, inquire and ask your pharmacist about these drugs, this will help you to know which ones to take since there are several strains of malaria depending on places. Also, individuals who have HIV or AIDS, epilepsy, depression or are under contraceptives should consult their doctors first, before taking these drugs to avert complication.
It is good to know and to be aware of places one intends to visit. This will help you determine, whether you will need to take malaria preventive drugs or other measures to prevent infection. Before visiting or traveling to other countries, check websites like national travel and health network, to know places, you are going, and what kind of preventive measures to undertake. If you reside in malaria-prone areas, it is important to be still cautious when visiting other places as well. No one is completely immune to malaria, thus moving from one place to another increases chances of new infections as well exposure.